Most of Windows machines are delivered with a limited Windows version and unnecessary preinstalled software.
You want to format the hard drive and install a fresh Windows that can be booted from UEFI secure boot to improve machine performance and stability.
You have a 8Gb USB stick and an ISO file of Windows 10, version 20h2.
Step 1: Backup your machine and create an USB recovery by entering “Create a recovery drive” text to the search box on the task bar and follow the instructions.
Step 2: Create a bootable USB with Windows installation files.
Right click Windows logo, click Command Prompt (Admin).
Enter diskpart.exe, press Enter.
DISKPART> list disk
DISKPART> select disk 1 -- the USB disk should be selected, the number may be different in your machine.
DISKPART> create partition primary size=1024
DISKPART> select partition 1
DISKPART> format quick fs=fat32
DISKPART> create partition primary
DISKPART> select partition 2
DISKPART> format quick fs=ntfs
Double click on the ISO file of Windows 10, version 20h2 to create a virtual drive.
xcopy f:\sources\boot.wim d:\sources\ /s /e where f: the virtual drive and d: the USB fat32 partition. We copy only the f:\sources\boot.wim file to d:\sources\.
robocopy f:\ d:\ /IS /S /XD sources where f: the virtual drive and d: the USB fat32 partition. We copy everything from f:\ to d:\ except the sources folder.
xcopy f:* e:\ /s /e where f: the virtual drive and e: the USB ntfs partition.
Step 3: Install Windows.
- Plug the USB to a machine.
- For a Dell laptop, power on the machine, press F12 until a one-time boot up menu appears. Select the option to boot the machine from the USB. (You may need to access BIOS to enable the option to boot the machine from an USB).
- For a Sony VAIO laptop, power off the machine, then press the Assist button to enter VAIOCare. Select the option to boot the machine from the USB. (You may need to access BIOS to enable the option to boot the machine from an USB).
- For a ThinkPad laptop, power on the machine, press F12 until a one-time boot up menu appears. Select the option to boot the machine from the USB. Alternatively go to Settings > Update & Security > Recovery, click the Restart now button under the Advanced setup section and follow the instructions to boot the machine from a USB.
- Follow the instructions to install Windows (set Windows partition size to 716916Mb for DellPrecision if you want to have 700Gb C drive, or 262789Mb for DellXPS if you want to have a 255Gb C drive, or 819815Mb for DellXPS if you want to have a 800Gb C drive).
- You can delete all the partitions, including MRP (Microsoft Reserved Partition – this is just a reserved partition for Windows later use if needed), ESP (EFI System Partition – this is where UEFI firmware files are stored to boot Windows), WINRETOOLS (Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) Tools – this is where files for repairing or recovering Windows are stored), and PBR image (this is where original the manufacture Windows installation file are stored) because you already created an USB recovery in the Step 1.
Step 4: Configure Windows for Developer’s needs.
- Change Computer Name, turn off System Restore, enable Remote Desktop.
- Add Wireless LAN Service feature for Windows Server 2019.
- For a Dell laptop, install Dell Wireless 1820A 1830 WiFi Driver
- Change Time Zone.
- Turn on Network discovery and file sharing by clicking on Network icon on the left side of Explorer.
- Activate Windows.
- Uninstall unnecessary applications.
- Disable Hibernation (powercfg.exe /h off), configure Power options (Hard disk >> Turn of hard disk after: 0, Wireless Adapter Settings >> Power Saving Mode: Maximum Performance, Sleep >> Sleep after: 0).
- Turn on Automatic Logon.
- Use the manage-bde -status command to show BitLocker status (There is a space between bde and status). Use the manage-bde -off C: command to turn off BitLocker for the C drive.
- For a Dell laptop, install Dell Command Update and use it to install necessary drivers.
- For Windows Server 2019, install Chipset Device, Graphics, Audio, Ethernet, Bluetooth, Memory Card Reader, Dynamic Platform and Thermal Framework driver.
- For a ThinkPad laptop, install Lenovo Vantage.
- Turn the following Windows features on: .NET 3.5, ASP.NET 4.8, Internet Information Services, Telnet Client.
- Install Hyper-V, create an external Virtual Switch for Internet access, set Scheduler Type to Core.
- Apply Windows updates to the machine.
- Configure secure protocols using IIS Crypto GUI (Select Best Practices, disable TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1, MD5, SHA).
- Install Total Commander, Remote Desktop Connection Manager, PuTTY 0.7.3, WinSCP 5.17.
- Install Firefox, MPC-HC.1.7.13.
- Install MS Office 2007 SP3 (Display >> Scale and layout: 125% for DellPrecision, 175% for DellXPS), MS Project 2016, MS Visio 2016, MS SQL Server 2008 R2, Visual Studio 2015, Adobe Acrobat Pro DC v15.8, Adobe Photoshop CC 2015, TortoiseSVN 1.13.1
- Install Python 3.6.8, TensorFlow, Keras
- Create VPN Connection.
Go to Control Panel >> Network and Sharing Center >> Change adapter settings >> Right click >> VPN Connection’s Properties >> Select Networking tab:
1. Disable Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6).
2. Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) >> Properties >> Advanced… >> select IP Settings tab: Uncheck Use default gateway on remote network option.