How to Install Windows XP from a USB Flash Drive?

Why install Windows XP?

Sometimes you do need Windows XP for some specific tasks. For example running and testing old programs, a specific program, using your old computer for a specific task.

This is a  short guide to install Windows XP from a USB flash drive.


1. Windows XP installation files (you can use any Windows XP disc or ISO file).

2. file (download)

3. A USB flash drive of at least 2 GB (The best size is 1GB or 2GB. Some old computers do not allow to boot from USB having size being larger than 1GB).

4. A Windows 7 OS or a previous version.


1. Attach the USB to your computer

2. Unzip and run HpUSBformat.exe (this program can only be run under Windows 7 or a previous version), select below option values

  • File system: FAT
  • Volume label: SYSTEM
  • Select “Create a DOS Start up disk”
  • Select radio button “Using DOS system files located at:”
  • Enter the path where you have extracted files (Give the path of DOS folder).

3. Copy all other files from DOS folder to your USB disk (you can overwrite the existing ones).

4. Copy all the Windows XP installation files (I386) to the USB drive.

5. Boot system from the USB disk (you may need to adjust your BIOS for this).

6. Type fdisk, hit Enter and follow the instructions to create a partition for a new XP installation.

7. Type format d:/s to format the partition in the 6th step. If the partition already exists then use command format d:/q/s.

8. Type cd I386 and hit Enter to go to the I386 folder.

9. Type winnt and hit Enter.

10. Follow the screen instructions.

Important note: Your hard drive size should be less than 128Gb.

In, At, On + Time or Date


Use ‘in’ with months, years and periods of time such as decades or centuries:

  • in January
  • in 1978
  • in the twenties

When does the school year begin in your country? – In mine it begins IN September.

Use ‘in’ a period of time in the future to express that an action will occur after that amount of time:

  • in a few weeks
  • in a couple of days


Use ‘at’ with an exact time:

  • at six o’clock
  • at 10.30
  • at two p.m.

When do you eat lunch? – I usually eat it AT noon.


Use ‘on’ with days of the week:

  • on Monday
  • on Fridays

Use ‘on’ with specific calendar days:

  • on Christmas day
  • on October 22nd

When is your birthday? – Mine is ON October 12.

Important notes

in the morning / afternoon / evening – at night

We say in the morning, afternoon or evening BUT we say ‘at night’.

Should I Use a Singular or Plural Verb with None?

None can take either a singular or plural verb.

When none is followed by a mass noun (a noun that cannot be counted or made plural) it takes a singular verb.

– None of the wine was drunk. (wine = mass noun)

When none means no one or not any, use whichever verb makes more sense.
Consider none as singular when you want to emphasize a single entity in a group, but consider none to be plural when you want to emphasize more than one.

– None of the books is worth reading.
– None of the books are worth reading.

– None of us is going to the banquet.
– None of us are going to the banquet.

– None of the printers is working.
– None of the printers are working.

– None of you is guilty
– None of you are guilty.

If your meaning is ‘none of them’, treat the word as plural; if it is ‘none of it’, treat it as singular.

Wear vs. Put On

To wear: to have something on your body
– She was wearing a diamond necklace with matching earrings.
– Who is that boy wearing a black jacket?

To put on: to move something you ​wear onto ​your ​body
– Take that shirt off and put on a new one. You can’t go out in such an old shirt.
– It’ll be more beautiful if I put on this skirt.

– It’s sunny today so I decided to put on my sunglasses.
– Today, I wear sunglasses because of the sun.

Guide to Citing & Referencing

What is referencing

When writing a piece of academic work, you must acknowledge any sources you have used. You do this by including a ‘citation’ within your text (usually a number or an author’s name) next to the material you have used. This brief citation leads your reader to a full reference to the work, which you include in your list of references at the end of your text. These references should allow anyone reading your work to identify and find the material to which you have referred. You need to be consistent in the way you reference your sources by following an established referencing system and style.

Please download these 2 files for the full guide.

Please download these 2 guides for how to working with references using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010.

If you want to use IEEE and ACM style with alphabetical (name) sequence then please download this BibWord file, unzip and copy  IEEE_Alphabetical.XSL and ACMNameSeq.XSL to  C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\Bibliography\Style (The directory may be different to this in your machine).

Whenever you update your bibliography, close your document then run BibWordExtender2.exe, click “OK”,  select your Word document, select Bibliography style, click “Extend”, re-open your document, re-select the style in Word.